eastern-cyan
eastern-cyan12mo ago

protected routes

@kapa.ai how to setup protected routes in refine
12 Replies
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
Hi @jenish7822. I'm kapa.ai, your friendly support bot. I will try to answer your question by searching through the knowledge base. :wave: ---------------------- To set up protected routes in refine, you can use the authProvider and modify its checkAuth() method to control access to specific routes. Here's an example from the extracts:
checkAuth: async () => {
const session = supabaseClient.auth.session();
const sessionFromURL = await supabaseClient.auth.getSessionFromUrl();

if (session || sessionFromURL?.data?.user) {
return Promise.resolve();
}

return Promise.reject();
},
checkAuth: async () => {
const session = supabaseClient.auth.session();
const sessionFromURL = await supabaseClient.auth.getSessionFromUrl();

if (session || sessionFromURL?.data?.user) {
return Promise.resolve();
}

return Promise.reject();
},
In this example, the checkAuth() method allows access to the root route only for logged-in users. All other attempts are rejected. You can modify this method to control access to other routes based on your requirements. For more information, you can refer to this extract: Adding CRUD Actions and Authentication > Public Routes in refine (https://refine.dev/blog/refine-pixels-3#public-routes-in-refine) ---------------------- Note: you can ask me a follow up question by @ mentioning me again :speech_balloon: ----------------------
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
<@713646363425898567> kapa.ai is still learning and improving, please let us how it did by reacting below
eastern-cyan
eastern-cyan12mo ago
@kapa.ai I want to setup protected routes without using supabase, i want to customize it.
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
Let me check the knowledge base for you. One moment! :books: ---------------------- To set up protected routes in refine without using Supabase, you can use the <Authenticated> component and the useIsAuthenticated hook. Here's an example from the extracts: 1. First, wrap your routes with the <Authenticated> component and provide children and fallback props. The children prop contains the protected routes, and the fallback prop specifies what to render when the user is not authenticated. 2. Use the <Outlet> component from react-router-dom to render your routes inside the <Authenticated> component. This will create protected routes and render them only when the user is authenticated. 3. Create a /login route to handle the redirection when the user is not authenticated. You can use the AuthPage components from refine's UI packages with type="login" prop to render the login page. Here's an example of how your App.tsx file might look:
import { Authenticated, Outlet } from "@pankod/refine";
import { Route, BrowserRouter as Router } from "react-router-dom";
import { AuthPage } from "refine-antd";

const App = () => {
return (
<Router>
<Authenticated
children={<Outlet />}
fallback={<Route path="/login" element={<AuthPage type="login" />} />}
/>
</Router>
);
};

export default App;
import { Authenticated, Outlet } from "@pankod/refine";
import { Route, BrowserRouter as Router } from "react-router-dom";
import { AuthPage } from "refine-antd";

const App = () => {
return (
<Router>
<Authenticated
children={<Outlet />}
fallback={<Route path="/login" element={<AuthPage type="login" />} />}
/>
</Router>
);
};

export default App;
For more information, you can refer to this extract: React Router v6 > Usage with Authentication (https://refine.dev/docs/packages/documentation/routers/react-router-v6#usage-with-authentication) ---------------------- Note: you can ask me a follow up question by @ mentioning me again :speech_balloon: ----------------------
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
<@713646363425898567> kapa.ai is still learning and improving, please let us how it did by reacting below
eastern-cyan
eastern-cyan12mo ago
@kapa.ai lets say only a specific user will have access to a url, then how can we setup those routes?
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
Let me check the knowledge base for you. One moment! :books: ---------------------- To set up routes with access control for specific users, you can use the accessControlProvider in refine. Here's an example of how to create an access control provider:
const accessControlProvider = {
can: async ({ resource, action, params }) => {
if (resource === "posts" && action === "edit") {
return {
can: false,
reason: "Unauthorized",
};
}

return { can: true };
},
};
const accessControlProvider = {
can: async ({ resource, action, params }) => {
if (resource === "posts" && action === "edit") {
return {
can: false,
reason: "Unauthorized",
};
}

return { can: true };
},
};
In this example, the can function checks if the resource is "posts" and the action is "edit". If so, it returns can: false and a reason for the denial. You can customize this function to check for specific user permissions or other conditions. After defining the accessControlProvider, provide it to the <Refine> component:
<Refine
// other providers and props
accessControlProvider={accessControlProvider}
>
{/* your app */}
</Refine>
<Refine
// other providers and props
accessControlProvider={accessControlProvider}
>
{/* your app */}
</Refine>
Depending on your router, providing accessControlProvider to the <Refine> component won't enforce access control by itself; you may need to wrap protected routes with the <CanAccess> component. Refer to one of the following documentations, depending on your preferred router: - React Router Access Control (https://refine.dev/docs/packages/documentation/routers/react-router-v6/#usage-with-access-control-providers) - NextJS Router Access Control (https://refine.dev/docs/packages/documentation/routers/nextjs/#access-control) - Remix Router Access Control (https://refine.dev/docs/packages/documentation/routers/remix/#access-control) For more information, you can refer to this extract: Access Control Provider > Overview (https://refine.dev/docs/api-reference/core/providers/accessControl-provider) ---------------------- Note: you can ask me a follow up question by @ mentioning me again :speech_balloon: ----------------------
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
<@713646363425898567> kapa.ai is still learning and improving, please let us how it did by reacting below
eastern-cyan
eastern-cyan12mo ago
@kapa.ai cant understand it really, without passing the user role and setting it up, how will refine know, which user has access or not.
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
Let me check the knowledge base for you. One moment! :books: ---------------------- I apologize for the confusion. You're right; the example I provided doesn't include user roles. To set up access control based on user roles, you'll need to modify the accessControlProvider and use the user role information in the can function. First, you need to fetch the user role from your authentication system. You can do this in the authProvider's getUserIdentity method. Here's an example:
const authProvider = {{
// other methods
getUserIdentity: async () => {{
const user = /* fetch user from your authentication system */;
const role = /* fetch user role */;

if (user) {{
return Promise.resolve({{
...user,
role,
}});
}}

return Promise.reject();
}},
}};
const authProvider = {{
// other methods
getUserIdentity: async () => {{
const user = /* fetch user from your authentication system */;
const role = /* fetch user role */;

if (user) {{
return Promise.resolve({{
...user,
role,
}});
}}

return Promise.reject();
}},
}};
Now, you can access the user role in the accessControlProvider's can function using the params argument:
const accessControlProvider = {{
can: async ({{ resource, action, params }}) => {{
const userRole = params?.user?.role;

if (resource === "posts" && action === "edit" && userRole !== "admin") {{
return {{
can: false,
reason: "Unauthorized",
}};
}}

return {{ can: true }};
}},
}};
const accessControlProvider = {{
can: async ({{ resource, action, params }}) => {{
const userRole = params?.user?.role;

if (resource === "posts" && action === "edit" && userRole !== "admin") {{
return {{
can: false,
reason: "Unauthorized",
}};
}}

return {{ can: true }};
}},
}};
In this example, the can function checks if the resource is "posts", the action is "edit", and the user role is not "admin". If these conditions are met, it returns can: false and a reason for the denial. You can customize this function to check for specific user roles or other conditions. After defining the authProvider and accessControlProvider, provide them to the <Refine> component:
<Refine
// other providers and props
authProvider={{authProvider}}
accessControlProvider={{accessControlProvider}}
>
{{/* your app */}}
</Refine>
<Refine
// other providers and props
authProvider={{authProvider}}
accessControlProvider={{accessControlProvider}}
>
{{/* your app */}}
</Refine>
Finally, wrap your protected routes with the <CanAccess> component or use the useCan hook to enforce access control based on user roles. For more information, you can refer to these extracts: - Authenticated Component (https://refine.dev/docs/api-reference/core/components/auth/authenticated/) - CanAccess Component (https://refine.dev/docs/api-reference/core/components/accessControl/can-access/) - Access Control Provider > Overview (https://refine.dev/docs/api-reference/core/providers/accessControl-provider) ---------------------- Note: you can ask me a follow up question by @ mentioning me again :speech_balloon: ----------------------
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
<@713646363425898567> kapa.ai is still learning and improving, please let us how it did by reacting below
adverse-sapphire
adverse-sapphire12mo ago
Hi, bot answers are good but i want to explain too. with refine 4, routing is completly detached from refine and routing responsibility is on react-router, nextjs-router or remix. This means to implement protected routes in refine is no different from a normal react app. to implements this refine provides helper components and hooks to make development easier. i suggest you too follow our tutorial. https://refine.dev/docs/tutorial/understanding-authprovider/index/ after Auth Provider implementation you can implement protected routes with your routing framework knowledge. with this hook and component you can easily implement protected routes. https://refine.dev/docs/api-reference/core/hooks/authentication/useIsAuthenticated/ https://refine.dev/docs/api-reference/core/components/auth/authenticated/
1. Auth Provider | refine
What is auth provider?
useIsAuthenticated | refine
useIsAuthenticated data hook from refine is a modified version of react-query's useMutation for create mutations
| refine
is the component form of useIsAuthenticated.