Role based Sider

@kapa.ai , For my sider, i want menu in the sider to be role based. Only show those menu to the user, if the user has permission. Is it possible in refine ?
14 Replies
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
Hi @jenish7822. I'm kapa.ai, your friendly support bot. I will try to answer your question by searching through the knowledge base. :wave: ---------------------- Yes, it is possible to create a role-based menu in the sider using refine. You can customize the default refine Sider Menu by using refine hooks and passing custom components to the Sider property. You can also use the useCan hook or the <CanAccess /> component to check if the user has the required permissions to view specific menu items. First, create a custom Sider component that includes the role-based menu items. You can use the useCan hook to check if the user has the required permissions for each menu item. Then, pass the custom Sider component to the Layout component's Sider property. Here's an example of how to create a custom Sider with role-based menu items:
import { useCan } from "@refinedev/core";
import { Menu } from "@refinedev/antd";

const CustomSider = () => {
const canViewMenuItem1 = useCan({ resource: "menuItem1", action: "view" });
const canViewMenuItem2 = useCan({ resource: "menuItem2", action: "view" });

return (
<Menu>
{canViewMenuItem1 && <Menu.Item key="menuItem1">Menu Item 1</Menu.Item>}
{canViewMenuItem2 && <Menu.Item key="menuItem2">Menu Item 2</Menu.Item>}
</Menu>
);
};
import { useCan } from "@refinedev/core";
import { Menu } from "@refinedev/antd";

const CustomSider = () => {
const canViewMenuItem1 = useCan({ resource: "menuItem1", action: "view" });
const canViewMenuItem2 = useCan({ resource: "menuItem2", action: "view" });

return (
<Menu>
{canViewMenuItem1 && <Menu.Item key="menuItem1">Menu Item 1</Menu.Item>}
{canViewMenuItem2 && <Menu.Item key="menuItem2">Menu Item 2</Menu.Item>}
</Menu>
);
};
Then, pass the CustomSider component to the Layout component's Sider property:
import { Layout } from "@refinedev/core";
import CustomSider from "./CustomSider";

const App = () => {
return (
<Layout Sider={CustomSider}>
{/* Your app content */}
</Layout>
);
};
import { Layout } from "@refinedev/core";
import CustomSider from "./CustomSider";

const App = () => {
return (
<Layout Sider={CustomSider}>
{/* Your app content */}
</Layout>
);
};
For more information on customizing the Sider, refer to the customization example (https://refine.dev/docs/examples/customization/customSider) in the refine documentation. ---------------------- Note: you can ask me a follow up question by @ mentioning me again :speech_balloon: ----------------------
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
<@713646363425898567> kapa.ai is still learning and improving, please let us how it did by reacting below
fascinating-indigo
fascinating-indigo12mo ago
@kapa.ai without using custom sider, can we do someting like based on the role, hide the menu in the sider ? for example: { name: "posts", list: "posts", create: "/posts/create, meta: { hide: role !== "admin", }, },
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
Let me check the knowledge base for you. One moment! :books: ---------------------- Yes, you can hide menu items in the sider based on the user's role without creating a custom sider. You can use the meta.hide property in the resources array when defining your resources in the <Refine> component. However, you'll need to use the useCan hook to check the user's role and set the hide property accordingly. Here's an example of how to hide a menu item based on the user's role:
import { Refine, useCan } from "@pankod/refine";

const App = () => {
const canViewPosts = useCan({ resource: "posts", action: "view" });

return (
<Refine
resources={[
{
name: "posts",
list: "posts",
create: "/posts/create",
meta: {
hide: !canViewPosts,
},
},
// Other resources...
]}
>
{/* Your app content */}
</Refine>
);
};
import { Refine, useCan } from "@pankod/refine";

const App = () => {
const canViewPosts = useCan({ resource: "posts", action: "view" });

return (
<Refine
resources={[
{
name: "posts",
list: "posts",
create: "/posts/create",
meta: {
hide: !canViewPosts,
},
},
// Other resources...
]}
>
{/* Your app content */}
</Refine>
);
};
In this example, the posts menu item will be hidden if the user does not have the view action permission for the posts resource. You can customize the useCan hook parameters to match your desired role-based access control. For more information on hiding resources in the sider, refer to the Refine documentation (https://refine.dev/docs/api-reference/core/components/refine-config#resources-meta-hide). ---------------------- Note: you can ask me a follow up question by @ mentioning me again :speech_balloon: ----------------------
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
<@713646363425898567> kapa.ai is still learning and improving, please let us how it did by reacting below
fascinating-indigo
fascinating-indigo12mo ago
@kapa.ai i think we cant use useCan outside of refine
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
Let me check the knowledge base for you. One moment! :books: ---------------------- You're correct. My apologies for the confusion. The useCan hook cannot be used outside of the <Refine> component. In this case, you can create a custom Sider component and use the useCan hook inside it to conditionally render menu items based on the user's role. Here's an example of how to create a custom Sider with role-based menu items:
import { useCan } from "@refinedev/core";
import { Menu } from "@refinedev/antd";

const CustomSider = () => {
const { data: canViewMenuItem1 } = useCan({ resource: "menuItem1", action: "view" });
const { data: canViewMenuItem2 } = useCan({ resource: "menuItem2", action: "view" });

return (
<Menu>
{canViewMenuItem1?.can && <Menu.Item key="menuItem1">Menu Item 1</Menu.Item>}
{canViewMenuItem2?.can && <Menu.Item key="menuItem2">Menu Item 2</Menu.Item>}
</Menu>
);
};
import { useCan } from "@refinedev/core";
import { Menu } from "@refinedev/antd";

const CustomSider = () => {
const { data: canViewMenuItem1 } = useCan({ resource: "menuItem1", action: "view" });
const { data: canViewMenuItem2 } = useCan({ resource: "menuItem2", action: "view" });

return (
<Menu>
{canViewMenuItem1?.can && <Menu.Item key="menuItem1">Menu Item 1</Menu.Item>}
{canViewMenuItem2?.can && <Menu.Item key="menuItem2">Menu Item 2</Menu.Item>}
</Menu>
);
};
Then, pass the CustomSider component to the Layout component's Sider property:
import { Layout } from "@refinedev/core";
import CustomSider from "./CustomSider";

const App = () => {
return (
<Layout Sider={CustomSider}>
{/* Your app content */}
</Layout>
);
};
import { Layout } from "@refinedev/core";
import CustomSider from "./CustomSider";

const App = () => {
return (
<Layout Sider={CustomSider}>
{/* Your app content */}
</Layout>
);
};
For more information on customizing the Sider, refer to the customization example (https://refine.dev/docs/examples/customization/customSider) in the refine documentation. ---------------------- Note: you can ask me a follow up question by @ mentioning me again :speech_balloon: ----------------------
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
<@713646363425898567> kapa.ai is still learning and improving, please let us how it did by reacting below
fascinating-indigo
fascinating-indigo12mo ago
@kapa.ai can you give me a customized sider like ThemedSiderV2 of MUI which has this role based functionality.
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
Let me check the knowledge base for you. One moment! :books: ---------------------- Sure, here's an example of a custom Sider component with role-based functionality using ThemedSiderV2 from MUI:
import { useCan } from "@refinedev/core";
import { ThemedSiderV2 } from "@refinedev/mui";
import { MenuItem } from "@mui/material";

const CustomSider = () => {
const { data: canViewMenuItem1 } = useCan({ resource: "menuItem1", action: "view" });
const { data: canViewMenuItem2 } = useCan({ resource: "menuItem2", action: "view" });

return (
<ThemedSiderV2
render={({ items, logout, collapsed }) => {
const filteredItems = items.map((item) => {
if (item.key === "menuItem1" && !canViewMenuItem1?.can) {
return null;
}
if (item.key === "menuItem2" && !canViewMenuItem2?.can) {
return null;
}
return item;
});

return (
<>
{filteredItems}
{logout}
</>
);
}}
/>
);
};
import { useCan } from "@refinedev/core";
import { ThemedSiderV2 } from "@refinedev/mui";
import { MenuItem } from "@mui/material";

const CustomSider = () => {
const { data: canViewMenuItem1 } = useCan({ resource: "menuItem1", action: "view" });
const { data: canViewMenuItem2 } = useCan({ resource: "menuItem2", action: "view" });

return (
<ThemedSiderV2
render={({ items, logout, collapsed }) => {
const filteredItems = items.map((item) => {
if (item.key === "menuItem1" && !canViewMenuItem1?.can) {
return null;
}
if (item.key === "menuItem2" && !canViewMenuItem2?.can) {
return null;
}
return item;
});

return (
<>
{filteredItems}
{logout}
</>
);
}}
/>
);
};
Then, pass the CustomSider component to the ThemedLayoutV2 component's Sider property:
import { Refine } from "@refinedev/core";
import { ThemedLayoutV2 } from "@refinedev/mui";
import CustomSider from "./CustomSider";

const App: React.FC = () => {
return (
<Refine>
<ThemedLayoutV2 Sider={() => <CustomSider />}>
{/* Your app content */}
</ThemedLayoutV2>
</Refine>
);
};
import { Refine } from "@refinedev/core";
import { ThemedLayoutV2 } from "@refinedev/mui";
import CustomSider from "./CustomSider";

const App: React.FC = () => {
return (
<Refine>
<ThemedLayoutV2 Sider={() => <CustomSider />}>
{/* Your app content */}
</ThemedLayoutV2>
</Refine>
);
};
In this example, the custom Sider component uses the useCan hook to check if the user has the required permissions for each menu item. It then filters the menu items based on the user's permissions and renders the filtered menu items. ---------------------- Note: you can ask me a follow up question by @ mentioning me again :speech_balloon: ----------------------
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
<@713646363425898567> kapa.ai is still learning and improving, please let us how it did by reacting below
fascinating-indigo
fascinating-indigo12mo ago
@kapa.ai how to provide a title to this sider ?
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
Let me check the knowledge base for you. One moment! :books: ---------------------- To provide a title to the custom Sider, you can use the Title prop of the ThemedSiderV2 component. You can create a custom title component and pass it to the Title prop. Here's an example of how to create a custom title component:
import { Typography } from "@mui/material";

const CustomTitle = ({ collapsed }) => {
return (
<Typography variant="h6" noWrap>
{collapsed ? "Short Title" : "Long Title"}
</Typography>
);
};
import { Typography } from "@mui/material";

const CustomTitle = ({ collapsed }) => {
return (
<Typography variant="h6" noWrap>
{collapsed ? "Short Title" : "Long Title"}
</Typography>
);
};
Then, pass the CustomTitle component to the Title prop of the ThemedSiderV2 component in your CustomSider:
import { useCan } from "@refinedev/core";
import { ThemedSiderV2 } from "@refinedev/mui";
import CustomTitle from "./CustomTitle";

const CustomSider = () => {
const { data: canViewMenuItem1 } = useCan({ resource: "menuItem1", action: "view" });
const { data: canViewMenuItem2 } = useCan({ resource: "menuItem2", action: "view" });

return (
<ThemedSiderV2
Title={({ collapsed }) => <CustomTitle collapsed={collapsed} />}
render={({ items, logout, collapsed }) => {
const filteredItems = items.map((item) => {
if (item.key === "menuItem1" && !canViewMenuItem1?.can) {
return null;
}
if (item.key === "menuItem2" && !canViewMenuItem2?.can) {
return null;
}
return item;
});

return (
<>
{filteredItems}
{logout}
</>
);
}}
/>
);
};
import { useCan } from "@refinedev/core";
import { ThemedSiderV2 } from "@refinedev/mui";
import CustomTitle from "./CustomTitle";

const CustomSider = () => {
const { data: canViewMenuItem1 } = useCan({ resource: "menuItem1", action: "view" });
const { data: canViewMenuItem2 } = useCan({ resource: "menuItem2", action: "view" });

return (
<ThemedSiderV2
Title={({ collapsed }) => <CustomTitle collapsed={collapsed} />}
render={({ items, logout, collapsed }) => {
const filteredItems = items.map((item) => {
if (item.key === "menuItem1" && !canViewMenuItem1?.can) {
return null;
}
if (item.key === "menuItem2" && !canViewMenuItem2?.can) {
return null;
}
return item;
});

return (
<>
{filteredItems}
{logout}
</>
);
}}
/>
);
};
Finally, pass the CustomSider component to the ThemedLayoutV2 component's Sider property:
import { Refine } from "@refinedev/core";
import { ThemedLayoutV2 } from "@refinedev/mui";
import CustomSider from "./CustomSider";
const App: React.FC = () => {
return (
<Refine>
<ThemedLayoutV2 Sider={() => <CustomSider />}>
{/* Your app content */}
</ThemedLayoutV2>
</Refine>
);
};
import { Refine } from "@refinedev/core";
import { ThemedLayoutV2 } from "@refinedev/mui";
import CustomSider from "./CustomSider";
const App: React.FC = () => {
return (
<Refine>
<ThemedLayoutV2 Sider={() => <CustomSider />}>
{/* Your app content */}
</ThemedLayoutV2>
</Refine>
);
};
In this example, the CustomTitle component is passed to the Title prop of the ThemedSiderV2 component, and it will be displayed as the title of the Sider. ---------------------- Note: you can ask me a follow up question by @ mentioning me again :speech_balloon: ----------------------
kapa.ai
kapa.ai12mo ago
<@713646363425898567> kapa.ai is still learning and improving, please let us how it did by reacting below